(يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ ﴿٢١
O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous –
In the law books , laws are stated without addressing people but Quran is a book that deals with people’s emotion / intellect / psych , therefore it addresses people when it talks about Sharia ( شريعة ) .
Of course Quran addresses people depending on the message . Sometimes is for mankind and sometimes is for the believers ( مؤمنين ) .
The purpose of the creation of man and cosmos is the perfection of mankind , or it means the purpose of creation is to benefit mankind .
Allah ( swt ) says in the holy Quran , chapter 2 , verse 189 : ” And be careful ( of your duty ) to Allah , that you may be successful ” .
Why do we worship God ?
The answer of this question is in different verses of Quran . But I’ll answer it based on the same Ayah ( verse ) .
A: because Allah is our creator and our lord ( ربّ ) .
أعبدوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذي خَلَقَكُمْ
B: He is the provider of sustenance and security and well-being .
فَلْيَعْبُدُوا رَبَّ هَذَاالْبَيْت@ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُمْ مِنْ جُوعٍ وَءَامَنَهُمْ مِنْ خَوْف . قريش/٣،٤
C: there is no God other than him .
لا إلٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاْعْبُدْنِي . طه/١٤
Worship God is the purpose of creation of Mankind not the purpose of the creator . He doesn’t need our actions of worship . Even if all people on earth become disbeliever still He is absolute unneed . Like if all people build their houses facing towards the Sun or facing a way from the Sun , has no effect on the Sun .
وَقَالَ موسَي إِنْ تَكْفُرُواْ أَنْتُمْ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا فَإِنَّ اللّهَ لَغَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ . ابراهيم /٢٨
And Moses said if you show ingratitude , you and all on earth together _yet is Allah free of all wants worthy of all praise .
Although worshiping is wajib ( ablogation ) on us , due to Allah is granting us everything , and on top of that he rewards us for performing our duties .
WHAT FORCES US TO WORSHIP ALLAH IS FOLOWING 6 POINTS :
1: awareness to the blessing .
2: being aware of our privation .
3: awareness of the blessing of worship .
4: being aware of the effects of abodoning worship .
5: being aware of the praising and obedience on intire creation and being in harmony with the rest of creation .
6: knowing that LOVE is ENGRAINED with worship ( عبادة ) .
There is an interesting verse in the holy Quran ( chapter 16, verse 99 ) :
وَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ حَتَّي يَأْتِيَكَ الْيَقِينُ
And serve thy lord until there come unto thee the Hour that is certain .
For example if someone uses a ladder to reach the top of a tree will he no longer need the ladder ? Who detaches himself from prayers is like one who falls through the sky .
Plus the holy prophet ( PBUH&HF ) and the Ahlel Bait ( peace be upon them ) never abonanded worshiping Allah and we all know that they were on the peak of certainty .
Therefore the intent of this ayah ( verse ) is to clarify the effect of worship not to express the boundaries of worship ( عبادة ) .
The verses and Hadiths have stated the pathway methodologies and conditions for worship ( عبادة ) .
But since this verse is the first divine decree addresses to humans in Quran , we need to explain some introductory remarks until he becomes clear how worship ( عبادة ) should be .
1: WORSHIP BASED ON ” COMMAND : according to his orders and without superstition .
2: AWARENESS OF WORSHIPING : to know who to address and the lord .
حَتَّي تَعْلَمُواْ مَا تَقُولُونَ . ( Chapter, 4 /Verse , 43 )
” Until you know what your saying “
3: WORSHIP WITH SINCERITY :
وَلَا يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ أَحَدًا . ( chapter , verse , 110 )
” and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.”
4 : WORSHIP WITH HUMBULNESS :
أَلَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَٰشِعُونَ . ( chapter , 23 verse , 2 ) .
” They who are during their prayer humbly submissive ”
5 : WORSHIP WITH LOVE :
قَالَ رَسُول الله ( صلي الله عليه و آله ) : أَفْضَلُ النَّاس مَنْ عَشِقَ الْعِبَادَة
The most virtues of mankind are those who is in LOVE with worship ( عبادة ) .
The commander of the believers , Imam Ali ( peace be upon him ) says : O ‘ Lord ! I do not worship you for a desire of
reaching heaven , nor do I worship you out of fear of hell , even if you would not creat heaven and hell , I would still
worship you for I see you worthy of it .
The summary of our discussion :
There are 3 conditions for worship ( عبادة ) :
A : The condition of correctness : like Purity ( طَهَارَة ) and Direction ( قِبْلَة ) .
B: The condition of acceptance : like Piety ( تقوا ) .
C : The condition of perfection : so worship ( عبادة ) should be with knowledge , awareness , humdulness , secretly and
with LOVE . These are the conditions of a perfect worship ( عبادة ) .
I would like to end with a beautiful short prayer and supplication :
اَللّهُم ارْزُقْنَا حَلَاوَةَ الْعِبَادَة
O ‘ Allah ! Grant us the sweetness of worship ( عبادة ) .
Thank you .
With regards : Sayed Abazar ( Mahdi ) Wahedi ( Hussaini ) .